№ 9 2020

УДК / UDK: 82(091)

Author: Andrey F. Kofman
About the author:

Andrey F. Kofman (Doctor Hab. of Philology, Deputy director and head of the Department of Modern European and American Literature, A.M. Gorky Institute of World Literature of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia)

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The paper is dedicated to the famous Russian Latin Americanist Vera Nikolaevna Kuteishchikova (1919–2012), who became the second Russian woman after A. Kollontai to be awarded with the Mexican Order of the Aztec Eagle for her merits in the study of Mexican literature. However, V. Kuteishchikova’s specialization was not limited to the Mexican literature; her academic interests included a wide range of issues. The paper demonstrates that she laid the foundations for the scientific study of Latin American literature in Russia and outlined the ways for further research in the field. Therefore, V. Kuteishchikova’s life and work are considered in an inseparable context with the development of Latin American literary studies in Russia. The list of the Russian editions and translations of Latin American writers and the number of critical works published before the 1960s clearly confirm the fact that until then Latin American literary studies did not exist as an independent branch of philological science in Russia, since Russian scholars had a very vague notion of the Latin American literature. The first research work in philology on the Latin American literature was the monograph by V.N. Kuteishchikova Latin American Novel in the XX century (1964). The paper pays special attention to this significant work. An analysis of this book proves that its author identified and revealed a number of essential topics and problems that would be center of Latin American studies in Russia. With an amazing sagacity V.N. Kuteishchikova mapped out a program for Latin American studies for half a century ahead. These ideas were developed in her work in 1970s, in particular, in New Latin American Novel (1976), co-written with her husband, L.S. Ospovat. The paper traces the participation of V.N. Kuteishchikova in the creation of the academic five-volume History of Latin American Literatures; analyzes her last book Moscow – Mexico – Moscow. A Lifelong Road (2000), gives a spiritual portrait of the Russian scholar.

Keywords: Vera Nikolaevna Kuteishchikova, Latin American Studies, Mexico, Latin American literature.

Formirovanie natsional'nykh literatur Latinskoi Ameriki [Formation of the Latin American National Literatures], ed. V.N. Kuteishchikova. Moscow: Nauka Publ., 1970. (In Russ.)

Istoriia literatur Latinskoi Ameriki [History of Latin American Literatures]: in  5 vols., eds. V.B. Zemskov, A.F. Kofman, V.N. Kuteishchikova et al.; executive editors N.I Balashov, G.V. Stepanov. Moscow: Nauka, Nasledie, IMLI RAN Publ., 1985–2005. (In Russ.)

Khudozhestvennoe svoeobrazie literatur Latinskoi Ameriki [Artistic Specificity of Latin American Literatures], ed. I.A. Terterian. Moscow: Nauka Publ., 1976. (In Russ.)

Kofman, A.F. “Marshrut kul'tury (Vera Kuteishchikova. Moskva — Mekhiko — Moskva. Doroga dlinoiu v zhizn'. M.: Akademicheskii proekt, 2000).” [“A Route of Culture (Vera Kuteishchikova. Moscow–Mexico–Moscow. A Lifelong Road. Moscow: Akademicheskii proekt Publ., 2000].” Inostrannaia literatura 7 (2001). Online at https://magazines. (In Russ.)

Kuteishchikova, V.N. Meksikanskii roman. Formirovanie. Svoeobrazie. Sovremennyi etap [Mexican Novel. Formation. Originality. Contemporary Period]. Moscow: Nauka Publ., 1971. (In Russ.)

Kuteishchikova, V.N. Moskva – Mekhiko – Moskva. Doroga dlinoiu v zhizn' [Moscow – Mexico – Moscow. A Lifelong Road]. Moscow: Akademicheskii proekt Publ., 2000. (In Russ.)

Kuteishchikova, V.N. Roman Latinskoi Ameriki v XX veke [Latin American Novel in the XX Century]. Moscow: Nauka Publ., 1964. (In Russ.)

Kuteishchikova, V.N., Ospovat, L.S. Novyi latinoamerikanskii roman [New Latin American Novel]. Moscow: Sovetskii pisatel' Publ., 1976. (In Russ.)

Kuteishchikova, V.N.; Terterian, I.A. Kontseptsii istoriko-kul'turnoi samobytnosti Latinskoi Ameriki. [Concepts of Cultural and Historical Self-Identity of Latin America]. Moscow: Nauka Publ., 1978. (In Russ.)

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